Like its close relative the Norfolk, the Norwich Terrier was born in East Anglia in England. In the late nineteenth century, this dog was developed by English sportsmen crossing local breeds. The breeds included the short-legged Irish Terrier and small red terriers used by gypsies in Norfolk.
These dogs became a fashionable mainstay at Cambridge University, where they were first called Cantab Terriers. They were later referred to as Trumpington Terriers, after a street in the area they were developed. In the early 1900s, an Irishman named Frank Jones sold a large number of the this breed in the United States, so they were then referred to as Jones Terriers.
The Norwich and the Norfolk Terrier eventually became recognized as separate breeds. Mixed the pointed ear Norwich and the drop-eared Norfolk resulted in offspring with unpredictable ear carriage. Therefore breeders sought to prevent mixing the two to achieve more predictable results. The Norwich Terrier is hard to breed, and the number of this breed are relatively scarce.